Antennas in a restricted area

When I was house hunting in Cumbria, I fell in love with a wee cottage in Underbarrow, just outside of Kendal. At the time it seemed perfect; country living, a detached cottage, and a low noise floor. “Great”, I thought, “I can have the Cobwebb and a 2m mast on the house, run a dipole out in the garden” and so on. I was so taken I even bought a Hexbeam and rotator to mast mount at the side of the house. The ‘rose tinted spectacles’ obscured the issues I was to run into…

A quick look at my QTH on QRZ.com shows the first obstacle; the shared garage and parking area between my house and the back garden.  (Click on the photos to open a larger version).

Nowhere to put an antenna or run a feedline

You might just be able to make out the overhead electrical power lines supplying the cottages. The shared parking area precludes running a feed line to the garden, whilst the power lines rule out mounting any antenna on the house.

And power lines preclude roof-mounted antennas

My temporary workaround was to put a push-up 12m Clansman mast in the back garden for the Cobwebb, and operating outside when the weather is fine. It’s not ideal, and I had to install an external hi-gain wireless access point for internet access when in the garden. So, where else could I put an antenna?

I have a Comet CH250-BX vertical, originally bought for the side of the house on another 12m mast – but the adjacent power line carries a risk of cutting off the neighbours power supply if the mast or antenna collapsed. Enjoying a pipe one day, it occurred to me that the “front” garden was far enough away from the overhead lines to ground-mount the vertical, and still close enough to feed with coax. The feedline would run across the driveway, but could be protected with a rubber cable cover and packed away when not in use. A quick guestimation survey later, and… excellent, it’s ‘doable’!

Could I fit an antenna in there?

Could I fit an antenna in there?

So, how to ground mount a vertical such that I’m not having to disassemble it when not in use, or in high winds (in January, we recorded a wind speed of 100mph!) It blew a tree down onto one of my cars, and blew the garage doors clean off!. The obvious solution is a tilt mast, but frankly the cost is extravagant. There had to be cheaper way… I had some old scaffold poles, could I use them?

The ground was soft enough to drive a scaffold pole in, and almost firm enough to hold it. Now, how to make a tilt mechanism? Sapper initiative kicked in after seeing some swivel scaffold clamps; I had an idea that I could clamp the antenna to a short length of scaffold, in turn attached to the support pole in the ground.  Scaffold clamps were easy to come by in a village with four builders and a scaffolder. Originally I intended to use a swivel clamp at the bottom to provide the tilt mechanism, and a double clamp at the top to lock the pole in place.  In practice, a double clamp is too rigid, and as there is very little gap between the two poles it is impossible to adjust the mast when it is fully raised or tilted. Replacing it with a second swivel clamp solved this; it is easier to fit to both poles, and the swivel allows me to compensate for the not-quite-vertical support pole.

It fits!

It fits!

A  quick cut round the hedges to clear the antenna area when tilted over, and I was all set. It only took a few minutes to drive the pole in, mount the antenna bottom section for sizing and cut the excess, and attach the clamps.

Would it work? Would the nearby power lines fry the antenna? The rig? Me? Would it work without radials? Lets try… there was no high-voltage arcing from power line to antenna, nor was I fried. The antenna receives well, I could hear stations, there seemed to be little interference. Could I transmit? Tune to 20m, and a contact with a French callsign. Tune to 40m, success, contact with Germany. It was getting dark, so I stopped there.

Up and running on an FT897

Up and running on an FT897

You might have noticed I haven’t mentioned radials… because there is not enough room to run radials. But, much of what has been written about radials is – in my opinion – a regurgitated version of someone else’s regurgitated opinion, found on the Internet.  Yes, a vertical will work better with radials. No, it does not need 120 radials each 1/4 wavelength long. 1 or 2 will work, 3 or 4 will work better. 10-15 are pretty much optimum; after that the Law of Diminishing Returns kicks in. But thinking about radials for a moment, who said radials had to be arranged in a star-type configuration around an antenna? If  an antennas may be bent, e.g. the Hexbeam and Cobwebb, then so can a radial. And if an antenna can be circular or helix shaped, such as TakTenna and VHF special-to-purpose antennas to receive weather satellite data , so can radials.

The whole point of a radial is to improve the ground conductivity, as the ground mounted vertical is an image antenna with the image half being the ground it is fed against. So, my idea is to lay chicken wire over the garden, thus creating a sort-of ground-plane, and then run three or four radials out in a spiral, as far as I can, all under an inch or two of manure.  Although I could mount the antenna higher, sloping radials would be a waste due to limited space, and the juxtaposition of the road; I wouldn’t want an inquisitive rambler to touch a radial carrying a high PD! I also need to look at whether insulating the support pole makes any difference or not in operation, although I’m not sure how I could achieve that.

Given it was now early spring and the daffodils had started to come up, it was too late to lay chicken wire. I settled on stripping a broken 25m extension lead into component wires, and ran them around the borders and flower bed, tying them together at the base of the antenna and attaching them to the feedpoint. Unfortunately I haven’t had much time to undertake a detailed comparison test between radials/no-radials, but on the day performance seemed to improve slightly – as did sensitivity.

Guying might be needed

Guying might be needed

Now I was looking at my porch, having a pipe, when it occurred to me that it would make a nice little summertime shack…. another day! In the meantime, I’m going to make use of the copper earth rod I banged in at side of house for a random long wire from the office window to the back garden!

i could put a shack in there!

I could put a shack in there!

Next, a random long-wire from the office window area to the back garden, passing under a mains supply line, and capable of rapid erection and disassembly. I might just have a use for the second 12m mast after all!

Alan, M6XRE

About Alan Lewis

Licenced amateur since 2010, although my involvement with radio goes back to the early 1980's as a Signaller in the Royal Engineers - my biggest regret is achieving Class 1 Signaller, but not taking advantage of the C&G equivalency option and obtaining my RAE Class A licence. The 'shack' consists of several radios; FT-5000, FT-2000, FT-890 and a couple of Kenwood hybrids - a TS-530S and a 830S Gold Label. Portable operation using an FT-897 and Clansman PRC-320. Antennas include a Cobwebb and Comet CH250B, and a lovely little SuperAntenna MP-1 for portable operation. Various other bits n bobs such as an MFJ-1700C antenna-set switch will allow me to swap the antennas between the radios without unplugging feedlines. Possibly the best investment was a RigExpert AA-230Pro, puchased via a Greek seller on ebay (for much less than the UK price), a real boon when trimming the cobwebb to resonance as it can scan all five bands at once, and report on each individually. Although the 897 is a great little set, I still believe the PRC320 to be the finest portable HF set built; rugged, waterproof... and idiot proof! The set, spare battery, and a 5.4m mast all fit inside a rucksack. The radio can work a 2.4m whip, a dipole, long wire, vertical, all with ease and an inbuilt matching unit. Main interest in amateur radio is antennas and rag-chewing; with just 10W the antenna and feed line are critical. Have just discovered 'cheap' SDR using EL4000 based USB TV tuner cards, and intend to make more use of this, and perhaps venture into packet radio. Fortunately, I have an expert on hand, as Peter Martinez G3PLX (the father of PSK31) lives a couple of fields away. Intend to progress to Intermediate level at some stage - there are no local clubs so sign-off for the practical is a little challenging, as is sitting the exam. And then onto Full! Projects for 2015; an end-fed longwire from the shack window to the end of the garage. This has been an eye-opener, as although a "random" length will tune, it may not be multi-band capable; remember those fundamentals of other frequencies? 119ft is not a harmonic of any band, so should work.
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4 Responses to Antennas in a restricted area

  1. Stu says:

    Interesting what you say about civvies and NVIS – Have been experimenting with NVIS on amateur radio and at work (in the cake:-) for donkeys years, but it was only after studying it on amateur radio and experimenting that I finally found out how it works. See here:

    http://5820-99-114.com/TCRU/?cat=7

    73 de Stu – G4IYK

  2. Alan Lewis says:

    I did put a sloping wire up from the shack window (above the porch) to a scaffold pole, actually worked quite well; I’ve started recording antenna configuration in my log on QRZ.COM.

    Aye, the CHA250 is a compromise; read a fair bit about it on Martin Ehrenfelds page, and he concluded that it works well as an elevated vertical approx 35′ up, or as a ground mounted vertical with radials. Either way, if you look at my QTH on Google Maps/Earth, I’m stuck between “obvious features” to my west and east which severely impede low angle take-off, and tend to restrict working to Europe as I can’t get a low enough angle for long-range skip distance. Still, its all fun.

    I could fit a dipole, but feeding it would be problematical as the driveway is shared and the second, larger, garage is used by the neighbours down the drive as a turning point. If I had the necessary £2million I’d have no neighbours…

    As for NVIS… ruddy civvys don’t want to know – I’ll email a ‘reflector conversation’ later in the week 🙂

    Safety? When was I ever ‘safe’!

  3. admin says:

    Nice Article. A site plan to scale is always a useful aid – I cheat and use Google Earth to get the shape and add scale from local measurements. Should be interesting to see if you could fit a dipole into that space. The CHA250 is a compromise even in its optimal position which I understood to be about with the base 35′ up and without radials. A quarter wave ground plane is the better implementation of the vertical or the trapped versions like the HUstler 5BTV.

    Dipoles perform very well in less than optimal configurations i.e. at low heights when using NVIS. But it should be interesting to see how you get on with the wire. G3PLX knows a bit about the 320…

    Take care with the power lines. SAFETY FIRST.

    73

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